This is a past event
October 25, 2022 - 4:00 pm

While numerous exoplanets have now been uncovered in stellar binaries, the impact of companion stars on planet formation and evolution is still not understood. In this talk, I will present results of population trends seen among the known sample of planets in multiple star systems, which allows us to investigate the effects of stellar binarity on the resulting planetary architectures. In particular, observations of stars hosting high-mass close-in giant planets and brown dwarfs find an excess of binary companions on few hundred AU separations, suggesting that such systems may provide favorable conditions for the formation of the observed inner companions. I will also show results from simulations of self-gravitating protoplanetary disks adapted to binary star environments, which indicate that certain binary configurations may trigger the formation of giant planets through gravitational fragmentation in otherwise-stable disks.

Contact Info

Rachael Dunphy
(413) 542-2251
image of e-mail address@amherst.edu