Bruns, E., Antonovics, J., Carasso, V., and Hood, M. E.

JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY, 2017 (in press)

  Transmission 1.jpg

Microbotryum anther-smut fungi are classically assumed to spread by the movement of insect pollinators.

  Transmission 2.jpg

Long-term demography studies and computer simulations show that pollinator movements are not able to sustain the disease, suggesting other transmission routes.

Transmission 3.jpg